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What does AST mean in medical terminology?

An AST test is a medical test used to find an enzyme known as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in red blood cells. Generally, most individuals have small amounts of AST in the body; however, it is produced in high quantities in organs such as the liver and heart when there is damage or disease present.

What causes elevated AST?

Causes of elevated aspartate aminotransferase, or AST, levels include a heart attack; liver, kidney or lung damage; medicines; high doses of vitamin A; and mononucleosis, states WebMD. Normal levels for adult women and men range between 10 and 36 units per liter and 14 and 20 units per liter respectively.

What is the significance of AST?

AST is an enzyme found in high levels in the liver, heart, and muscles. It is also found in lesser amounts in other tissues. An enzyme is a protein that causes a specific chemical change in the body. This test is mainly done along with other tests (such as ALT, ALP, and bilirubin) to diagnose and monitor liver disease.

What does AST value mean?

AST stands for aspartate transaminase. It is an enzyme that is responsible for movement of nitrogen from amino acids to be incorporated in the urea cycle thus enabling it to be excreted. A similar enzyme is ALT wwhich stands for alanine transaminase.


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