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What are the theories proposed to explain essential hypertension?

Three theories have been proposed to explain this: An overactive Renin-angiotensin system leads to vasoconstriction and retention of sodium and water. The increase in blood volume leads to hypertension. An overactive sympathetic nervous system, leading to increased stress responses.

What factors can cause essential hypertension?

One of the described factors for the development of essential hypertension is the patient genetic ability to salt response. [2] [3] About 50 to 60% of the patients are salt sensitive and therefore tend to develop hypertension. [4]

What is the pathophysiology of essential hypertension?

Essential hypertension is characterized by significant and persistent elevations in arterial pressure. Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder that may involve abnormalities in the functions of the heart pump, the blood vessels, and the kidneys.

Are there any treatments to help manage essential hypertension?

Primary hypertension treatment typically includes lifestyle changes and medications. Adding regular exercise to your routine. Avoiding alcohol and recreational drugs. Eating a heart-healthy diet, including low sodium consumption. Maintaining good sleep habits. Quitting smoking if you use tobacco.


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