Keyword Analysis & Research: pathophysiology of copd for nurses

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the pathophysiology of COPD?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a life-threatening condition that affects your lungs and your ability to breathe. Pathophysiology is the evolution of adverse functional changes associated with a disease. For people with COPD, this starts with damage to the airways and tiny air sacs in the lungs.

How is COPD diagnosed?

The diagnosis of COPD is established through spirometry although other pulmonary function tests can be helpful. A chest X-ray is often ordered to look for hyperinflation and rule out other lung conditions but the lung damage of COPD is not always visible on a chest x-ray. Emphysema, for example, can only be seen on CT scan .

What are the symptoms of COPD?

COPD can cause coughing that produces large amounts of a slimy substance called mucus. It can also cause problems breathing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms. Symptoms of COPD often develop slowly but worsen over time, and they can limit your ability to do routine activities.

How can COPD be treated?

COPD treatment can alleviate symptoms, decrease the frequency and severity of exacerbations, and increase exercise tolerance. Treatment options include quitting smoking, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, bronchodilators, steroids, inhalers, Theophylline, and antibiotics.

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