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Summary COPD is a heterogeneous disease without a simple prognostic trajectory. For ambulatory patients, age, degree of dyspnea, weight loss (BMI), functional status, and FEV1 are relevant prognostic factors for predicting 1-3 year survival. For hospitalized patients, the same factors are relevant.What is the primary cause of COPD?
What Causes COPD? Over time, exposure to irritants that damage your lungs and airways can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The main cause of COPD is smoking, but nonsmokers can get COPD too. Smoking About 85 to 90 percent of all COPD cases are caused by cigarette smoking.What is differential diagnosis of COPD?
The differential diagnosis of COPD includes asthma, congestive heart failure, bronchiectasis, lung cancer, interstitial lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Asthma is the clinical disease that most often mimics COPD.